Cold as ice: Wikinews interviews Marymegan Daly on unusual new sea anemone

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Cold as ice: Wikinews interviews Marymegan Daly on unusual new sea anemone

Tuesday, January 21, 2014

In late 2010 a geological expedition to Antarctica drilled through the Ross Ice Shelf so they could send an ROV under it. What they found was unexpected: Sea anemones. In their thousands they were doing what no other species of sea anemone is known to do — they were living in the ice itself.

Discovered by the ANDRILL [Antarctic Drilling] project, the team was so unprepared for biological discoveries they did not have suitable preservatives and the only chemicals available obliterated the creature’s DNA. Nonetheless Marymegan Daly of Ohio State University confirmed the animals were a new species. Named Edwardsiella andrillae after the drilling project that found it, the anemone was finally described in a PLOS ONE paper last month.

ANDRILL lowered their cylindrical camera ROV down a freshly-bored 270m (890ft) hole, enabling it to reach seawater below the ice. The device was merely being tested ahead of its planned mission retrieving data on ocean currents and the sub-ice environment. Instead it found what ANDRILL director Frank Rack of the University of Nebraska–Lincoln, a co-author of the paper describing the find, called the “total serendipity” of “a whole new ecosystem that no one had ever seen before”.

The discovery raises many questions. Burrowing sea anemones worm their way into substrates or use their tentacles to dig, but it’s unclear how E. andrillae enters the hard ice. With only their tentacles protruding into the water from the underneath of the ice shelf questions also revolve around how the animals avoid freezing, how they reproduce, and how they cope with the continuously melting nature of their home. Their diet is also a mystery.

What fascinates me about sea anemones is that they’re able to do things that seem impossible

E. andrillae is an opaque white, with an inner ring of eight tentacles and twelve-to-sixteen tentacles in an outer ring. The ROV’s lights produced an orange glow from the creatures, although this may be produced by their food. It measures 16–20mm (0.6–0.8in) but when fully relaxed can extend to triple that.

Genetic analysis being impossible, Daly turned to dissection of the specimens but could find nothing out of the ordinary. Scientists hope to send a biological mission to explore the area under the massive ice sheet, which is in excess of 600 miles (970km) wide. The cameras also observed worms, fish that swim inverted as if the icy roof was the sea floor, crustaceans and a cylindrical creature that used appendages on its ends to move and to grab hold of the anemones.

NASA is providing funding to aid further research, owing to possible similarities between this icy realm and Europa, a moon of Jupiter. Biological research is planned for 2015. An application for funding to the U.S. National Science Foundation, which funds ANDRILL, is also pending.

The ANDRILL team almost failed to get any samples at all. Designed to examine the seafloor, the ROV had to be inverted to examine the roof of ice. Weather conditions prevented biological sampling equipment being delivered from McMurdo Station, but the scientists retrieved 20–30 anemones by using hot water to stun them before sucking them from their burrows with an improvised device fashioned from a coffee filter and a spare ROV thruster. Preserved on-site in ethanol, they were taken to McMurdo station where some were further preserved with formaldehyde.

((Wikinews)) How did you come to be involved with this discovery?

Marymegan Daly: Frank Rack got in touch after they returned from Antarctica in hopes that I could help with an identification on the anemone.

((Wikinews)) What was your first reaction upon learning there was an undiscovered ecosystem under the ice in the Ross Sea?

MD I was amazed and really excited. I think to say it was unexpected is inaccurate, because it implies that there was a well-founded expectation of something. The technology that Frank and his colleagues are using to explore the ice is so important because, given our lack of data, we have no reasonable expectation of what it should be like, or what it shouldn’t be like.

((Wikinews)) There’s a return trip planned hopefully for 2015, with both biologists and ANDRILL geologists. Are you intending to go there yourself?

MD I would love to. But I am also happy to not go, as long as someone collects more animals on my behalf! What I want to do with the animals requires new material preserved in diverse ways, but it doesn’t require me to be there. Although I am sure that being there would enhance my understanding of the animals and the system in which they live, and would help me formulate more and better questions about the anemones, ship time is expensive, especially in Antarctica, and if there are biologists whose contribution is predicated on being there, they should have priority to be there.

((Wikinews)) These animals are shrouded in mystery. Some of the most intriguing questions are chemical; do they produce some kind of antifreeze, and is that orange glow in the ROV lights their own? Talk us through the difficulties encountered when trying to find answers with the specimens on hand.

MD The samples we have are small in terms of numbers and they are all preserved in formalin (a kind of formaldehyde solution). The formalin is great for preserving structures, but for anemones, it prevents study of DNA or of the chemistry of the body. This means we can’t look at the issue you raise with these animals. What we could do, however, was to study anatomy and figure out what it is, so that when we have samples preserved for studying e.g., the genome, transcriptome, or metabolome, or conduct tests of the fluid in the burrows or in the animals themselves, we can make precise comparisons, and figure out what these animals have or do (metabolically or chemically) that lets them live where they live.
Just knowing a whole lot about a single species isn’t very useful, even if that animal is as special as these clearly are — we need to know what about them is different and thus related to living in this strange way. The only way to get at what’s different is to make comparisons with close relatives. We can start that side of the work now, anticipating having more beasts in the future.
In terms of their glow, I suspect that it’s not theirs — although luminescence is common in anemone relatives, they don’t usually make light themselves. They do make a host of florescent proteins, and these may interact with the light of the ROV to give that gorgeous glow.

((Wikinews)) What analysis did you perform on the specimens and what equipment was used?

MD I used a dissecting scope to look at the animal’s external anatomy and overall body organization (magnification of 60X). I embedded a few of the animals in wax and then cut them into very thin slices using a microtome, mounted the slices on microscope slides, stained the slices to enhance contrast, and then looked at those slides under a compound microscope (that’s how I got the pictures of the muscles etc in the paper). I used that same compound scope to look at squashed bits of tissue to see the stinging capsules (=nematocysts).
I compared the things I saw under the ‘scopes to what had been published on other species in this group. This step seems trivial, but it is really the most important part! By comparing my observations to what my colleagues and predecessors had found, I figured out what group it belongs to, and was able to determine that within that group, it was a new species.

((Wikinews)) It was three years between recovery of specimens and final publication, why did it take so long?

MD You mean, how did we manage to make it all happen so quickly, right? 🙂 It was about two years from when Frank sent me specimens to when we got the paper out. Some of that time was just lost time — I had other projects in the queue that I needed to finish. Once we figured out what it was, we played a lot of manuscript email tag, which can be challenging and time consuming given the differing schedules that folks keep in terms of travel, field work, etc. Manuscript review and processing took about four months.

((Wikinews)) What sort of difficulties were posed by the unorthodox preservatives used, and what additional work might be possible on a specimen with intact DNA?

MD The preservation was not unorthodox — they followed best practices for anatomical preservation. Having DNA-suitable material will let us see whether there are new genes, or genes turned on in different ways and at different times that help explain how these animals burrow into hard ice and then survive in the cold. I am curious about the population structure of the “fields” of anemones — the group to which Edwardsiella andrillae belongs includes many species that reproduce asexually, and it’s possible that the fields are “clones” produced asexually rather than the result of sexual reproduction. DNA is the only way to test this.

((Wikinews)) Do you have any theories about the strategies employed to cope with the harsh environment of burrowing inside an ice shelf?

MD I think there must be some kind of antifreeze produced — the cells in contact with ice would otherwise freeze.

((Wikinews)) How has such an apparently large population of clearly unusual sea anemones, not to mention the other creatures caught on camera, gone undetected for so long?

MD I think this reflects how difficult it is to get under the ice and to collect specimens. That being said, since the paper came out, I have been pointed towards two other reports that are probably records of these species: one from Japanese scientists who looked at footage from cameras attached to seals and one from Americans who dove under ice. In both of these cases, the anemone (if that’s what they saw) was seen at a distance, and no specimens were collected. Without the animals in hand, or the capability of a ROV to get close up for pictures, it is hard to know what has been seen, and lacking a definitive ID, hard to have the finding appropriately indexed or contextualized.

((Wikinews)) Would it be fair to say this suggests there may be other undiscovered species of sea anemone that burrow into hard substrates such as ice?

MD I hope so! What fascinates me about sea anemones is that they’re able to do things that seem impossible given their seemingly limited toolkit. This finding certainly expands the realm of possible.

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  • Spanish Police kills Barcelona attack van driver

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    Spanish Police kills Barcelona attack van driver

    Thursday, August 17, 2017

    Last Monday, the police of Barcelona, Spain killed Younes Abouyaaqoub at At Subirats, west of Barcelona. Before the kill, the police started international search for the van driver on the preceding Sunday. When policemans tried to arrest him, he faced them so the police opened fire. On Monday, a woman saw a man resemble Younes’s photo provided by police, and wear long sleeves on a hot 30°C day. The woman alerted police. Police sent a robot to remove the explosives in the body of the man to prevent the security of the policemans in case to be real and allow the identification of the suspect, after they shot the man and subsequently confirmed his identity. Abouyaaqoub was the driver of the van that trampled and killed 13 persons and injured more of one hundred persons in La Rambla of Barcelona.

    When the police arrive to the place and they tried to arrest the fugitive, he opened his shirt and showed a fake suicide belt while he said in high voice “Allah is great” and he walked over 13 meters until policemans so the Mossos opened fire. Next, police used robots to remove a fake suicide belt from the man. The belt may have contained explosives. Then while a police helicopter was observing the scene from air, police approached the man and confirmed that there were no explosives. Then police confirmed the man’s identity and found he also had knives.

    Younes was the twelfth suspect in the Thursday van attack at La Rambla pedestrian walk. Police suspected him as the van driver. Police had started looking for Abouyaaqoub in France and Catalonia on Sunday.

    The Moroccan citizen Younes Abouyaaqoub, 22 years old, was being pursued by police in Catalonia and near the French border. He is the only one of the twelve suspects still at large. Authorities believe he was in France. Abouyaaqoub was suspected of being the driver of the van used in the attack. According to his family, he exhibited more religiously conservative behaviour over the past year and became became reluctant to deal with women. After finished the attack Abouyaaqoub had to stole a car to make his escape and the driver of this car was killed by him.

    Abouyaaqoub was in Subirats, a city on west of Barcelona when he has found by the Barcelona police, Mossos, and they were shot and killed to the fugitive. The suspect of the attack in Barcelona was wearing an explosive belt and the police didn’t inmediately identify him as Abouyaaqoub. A robot was used to remove the explosives while polices did the identification of the man died. The fugitive aroused suspicion to a woman because he had inadeaquates clothes for a hot day. The area where Abouyaaqoub was killed is a rural area, with too little population and it has pine trees.

    The attack took place at 17:10 local time, (UTC+0100). The van drove 500 meters along a pedestrian walkway, killing 13 people, injuring more than a hundred. The van driver fled on foot. Local police officers searched the surroundings and arrested two suspects, but the van driver they did not find was not arrested.

    According to the local government, victims included citizens from 24 different countries, including France, Venezuela, Ireland, Peru, Algeria, China, Belgium (1 dead), Greece (1 injured), Australia (1 dead, 2 injured), Taiwan (2 injured), Hong Kong (1 injured), and Germany (unknown whether dead or injured). Many of the injured taken to the hospital were tourists unable to speak Spanish. The hospitals called for interpreters to assist in communication with the patients. An Australian seven-year old boy is among the dead. He was alive when he arrived at the hospital but did not survive.

    Public transportation services had been stopped and the square of Catalonia has been closed to prevent further attacks and to allow emergency services reach any emergencies faster. The police, asserting safety concerns, have asked people not share images or data about the attack on the Internet.

    According to a Spanish broadcaster RTVE, the local police arrested Driss Oukabir as a suspect, and his identification documents were found in the van involved in the attack. The local news outlet also said that the suspect claimed his identification documents were missing and might have been stolen by his brother. Local police refused to comment on the identity of the individuals arrested., Mossos D’Esquadra, denied this report. Via Twitter, Mossos D’Esquadra said they had arrested a suspect and the incident was investigated as a “terrorist attack”.–>

    The Amaq news outlet, allegedly linked to the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) militant group, claimed ISIS was responsible for the, saying “The executors of the Barcelona attack were soldiers of the Islamic State”. They did not disclose the identities of the attackers. They alleged the attack was meant to target a coalition of countries at war with Iraq and Syria.

    A few hours after the first disaster, another attack took place in Cambrils, near Tarragona. The Catalonian police reported they had shot the suspects, killing at least five and injuring one. The police authorities said that the two attacks were connected. In the Cambrils attacks the police killed another Abouyaaqoub´s relatives, a brother and two cousings, all people were using fakes explosives belts, the car used by the three persons overturned and while they exited, the vehicle the police shot and killed them.

    This was Spain’s deadliest attack since 2004, when 192 people were injured during their commute on trains in Madrid.

    [edit]

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    Ohio judge declares mistrial for officer who shot Samuel DuBose

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    Ohio judge declares mistrial for officer who shot Samuel DuBose
    Posted in Uncategorized | September 16th, 2017

    Saturday, June 24, 2017

    Yesterday, Judge Leslie Ghiz declared a mistrial in the case of University of Cincinnati police officer Ray Tensing, who was on trial for the fatal shooting of Samuel DuBose during a traffic stop in 2015. Tensing is white and DuBose was black. The trial took place in Cincinnati, Ohio. This is the second mistrial of Tensing for this crime.

    The jurors told the judge they were “almost evenly split” after deliberating for 31 hours. Tensing was charged with murder and voluntary manslaughter. Nine of the jurors were white, and three were black.

    A crowd of protesters gathered outside the courthouse. One, Charles Campbell, said, “This is a miscarriage of justice, this is unacceptable[…] We cannot allow this in our city. We cannot allow this in our country. I’m here to share solidarity with the family of Sam DuBose, and the family of all these people who are being gunned down by police officers with impunity.” De Bose’s family has requested that all protests remain peaceful.

    Tensing did not deny fatally shooting DuBose, instead arguing he feared for his life during their encounter. Tensing was wearing a body camera when he pulled DuBose over for the lack of a front license plate on his vehicle. DuBose stopped the car but did not show Tensing his license and registration when asked. Tensing told DuBose to step out of the car, and DuBose refused and began to drive away while Tensing’s hand was still inside the vehicle. The images from his camera grow shaky and difficult to parse at around that point. Tensing called out “Stop! Stop!” and then shot DuBose in the head. The entire incident took under two minutes. Two other officers, also present, also recorded the incident. At the time, Tensing was 25 and DuBose 43. The University of Cincinnati agreed to pay over US$4 million to DuBose’s family, and to educate DuBose’s 12 children.

    Tensing is the third US police officer in roughly a week to be tried but not convicted for shooting a black man, though his is the only case to end in a mistrial. Jeronimo Yanaz was acquitted for killing Philando Castile and Dominique Heaggan-Brown for killing Sylville K. Smith.

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    At least nineteen dead after suicide bomb blast in Pakistan

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    At least nineteen dead after suicide bomb blast in Pakistan
    Posted in Uncategorized | September 16th, 2017

    Thursday, November 19, 2009

    A suicide bomber has killed at least 19 people around a courthouse in the city of Peshawar, Pakistan.

    Witnesses said that the powerful explosion occurred during rush hour. Several security personnel and lawyers are among the victims, and doctors reported that some of those injured are in a critical condition.

    “One policemen [sic] has been martyred and four injured in the attack,” said a senior police official, Mohammad Karim Khan.

    Senior police officer Sahibzada Anis, speaking to reporters, said that the suicide bomber was on foot and detonated the device when security guards stopped him for a search at the main entrance. The blast damaged several cars parked nearby. “The attacker was on foot and blew himself when guards tried to search him at the gates of the court,” he said.

    Thursday’s suicide attack in Peshawar took place hours after missiles fired by a suspected American drone killed at least four suspected militants and wounded five others in the North Waziristan region, on the Afghan border. The area is a known stronghold of Afghan and al-Qaeda militants.

    Taliban insurgents have intensified attacks in the country — particularly in and around Peshawar — after the Pakistani army launched an offensive against militant bases in South Waziristan. Officials said that since early last month more than 300 people have died in bombings and militant raids on government, civilian, and Western targets in the country.

    [edit]

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    As the Eurovision entrants return home, the home crowds weigh in

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    As the Eurovision entrants return home, the home crowds weigh in
    Posted in Uncategorized | September 15th, 2017

    Monday, May 18, 2009

    Most of the Eurovision entrants have returned home from their sojourn in Moscow, Russia, and the newspapers across Europe have varied opinions. Most national newspapers congratulated their entrants on a job well done, while others trash-talked other entrants, and still others called for their countries to pull out of the Contest.

    Here are some interviews, articles and opinions that made it to the front pages of newspapers and to their sanctioned blogs.

    Norway’s mass media was filled with stories revolving around the winner, Alexander Rybak, but a secondary story that received press coverage was outcry against NRK‘s Eurovision commentator, Synnøve Svabø, who was criticized for talking incessantly during the event, making leering comments regarding the contents inside the male entrants’ tight pants, and making a joke about stuffing sweatsocks in her own bra. When asked for a statement by Aftenposten, Svabø said, “I guess people think I should have put the socks in my throat.” NRK did not comment on Svabø’s commentating or whether she will be returning next year.

    Sweden’s newspaper Aftonbladet wrote that the “Swede of the evening” was not Sweden’s entrant Malena Ernman, but Malmö-raised Arash Labaf, one of the two singers placing third for Azerbaijan. Markus Larsson wrote, “21st place? Well, this is our second-worst result ever…Malena Ernman fell so far and deep that she almost ended up in Finland. That is to say, almost last.” When asked if she was disappointed, Ernman responded, “No, but I am sorry if the Swedes are disappointed.” She went on to quip, “Europe is simply not ready for my high notes.”

    Finland, despite placing last, wrote upbeat stories; Helsingin Sanomat published an interview with Waldo and Karoliina from the Finnish act, Waldo’s People, who announced how happy they were to have participated and will be going right back to work with performances and recordings as soon as they return to Finland.

    Most British newspapers in past years published lengthy screeds regarding their bad luck in the Contest and whether they should send an entrant at all. This year all that talk subsided, and newspapers published articles congratulating Jade Ewen on her fifth place ranking. Sir Terry Wogan, former Eurovision commentator for the BBC, said to the Daily Express about this year’s voting overhaul, “I think my protest about the voting was totally vindicated by the changes that were made to the scoring this year. It made a real difference. It was the change that Eurovision needed.” One of the headlines in Monday’s Daily Mail reads: “She did us proud.” Andrew Lloyd Webber, who worked with Ewen, said, “Jade performed brilliantly. After years of disappointing results, the UK can finally hold its head high.”

    Spain’s newspaper El Mundo published an article entitled “Soraya’s fiasco,” outlining Soraya Arnelas‘s failure to receive points from 37 of the 41 other voting nations, with the writer remarking, “After a whole year trying to forget [Rodolfo Chikilicuatre, Spain’s “joke entrant” from 2008], Soraya jumped on-stage with strength…Spain’s experiment ended with longing [for] Rodolfo Chikilicuatre.” When asked about her performance and the result, Arnelas said, “I’ll hang on to the experiences I had, the great friends that I made and I’m happy because now I’m known in Europe.”

    French newspapers and blogs were muted compared to other countries, but the overall feeling was still very supportive of Patricia Kaas, who placed eighth. In an interview with Le Figaro, Kaas said, “Eighth place, that’s not so bad. It was a great moment for France, we held our head high.” France Soir noted, “[Kaas’s] emotion does not seem to have found a place with competitors that have relied on heavy artillery choreography worthy of those like Shakira, and glamorous outfits, to ensure a place on the podium.”

    German newspapers published lengthy stories analyzing why Germany was in the bottom quartile for the third straight year. Die Welt wrote, “The Germans have become accustomed to it: winning the Eurovision Song Contest just does not work [for us]. [Compared] to the total failure of last place with No Angels last year, [this] result is almost a sensational success.” Bild commented, “For years we have had little success. Germany’s placement, despite all efforts, will not be better. Why are we still participating in the Eurovision Song Contest?”

    Ireland, who failed to make it to the final, led the cry to pull out of Eurovision. In the Irish Independent, Ian O’Doherty wrote, “Ireland managed something quite rare and rather gratifying last week — we actually managed to produce a Eurovision song that didn’t make you want to rip off your own eyelids so you could stuff them in your ears to stop the horrible sounds…[Sinéad] Mulvey’s elimination is proof of one thing: we need to pull out of this pile of rubbish as soon as possible.”

    The Netherlands, another nation that did not make it past the semi-final round, has been very apathetic toward the Contest in recent years, and this year was no different. De Telegraaf conducted an opinion poll of Dutch television viewers, and 90% of them believed the Netherlands should not enter the Contest anymore. Despite the stated apathy, 2.5 million Dutch viewers watched De Toppers compete in the second semi-final, an improvement of 800,000 from last year’s semi-final, where Dutch entrant Hind also failed to advance. De Toppers singer Gordon, in an interview with De Telegraaf, said that the Netherlands should continue to compete: “One time, we will succeed.”

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    Electric vehicles can be less green than classic fuel cars, Norwegian study finds

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    Electric vehicles can be less green than classic fuel cars, Norwegian study finds
    Posted in Uncategorized | September 15th, 2017

    Sunday, October 7, 2012

    A Norwegian University of Science and Technology study released Thursday found electric vehicles have a potential for higher eco-toxicity and greenhouse impact than conventional cars. The study includes an examination of the electric car’s life cycle as a whole rather than a study of the electric car’s environmental impact during the use phase.

    The researchers conducted a comparison of the environmental impact of electric cars in view of different ratios of green-to-fuel electricity energy sources. In the case of mostly coal- or oil-based electricity supply, electric cars are disadvantageous compared to classic diesel cars with the greenhouse effect impact being up to two times larger.

    The researchers found that in Europe, electric cars pose a “10% to 24% decrease in global warming potential (GWP) relative to conventional diesel or gasoline vehicles”.

    The researchers suggest to improve eco-friendliness of electric vehicles by “reducing vehicle production supply chain impacts and promoting clean electricity sources in decision making regarding electricity infrastructure” and using the electric cars for a longer time, so that the use phase plays a more important role in the electric vehicle life cycle.

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    Stand Out Of The Crowd With Some Elite Privileges}

    Posted in Barbecue And Grilling | September 15th, 2017

    Click Here For More Specific Information On:

    Stand Out Of the Crowd with Some Elite Privileges

    by

    romyfernandis

    Be the special one to represent your country in the most extravagant way possible by becoming an honorary consul. An honorary consul is different from a country’s ambassador as they won’t have to stand up for elections, and all you need to do is to have a charisma that has the ability to attract government officials and politicians of some other countries. Honorary consul appointment is an honour as these are highly respected parts of any community, imagine having to roam in different countries with flags of your country fluttering on your car, never having to pay parking tickets, humongous tax savings, as you will not be required to pay real estate taxes, and have a sweet home beyond the boundaries of law enforcements. You will be recognised by international law and legally enjoy all the benefits that career diplomat enjoys.

    How are these consuls appointed?

    Countries appoint their honorary consuls by pushing them into a ring of fire and rigorously testing them for their integrity, political views and charisma. Age and experience also seem to play a key role when it comes to your appointment as a consul. After being appointed as an honorary consul, you will not be subjected to the jurisdiction of local courts, and you are going to be shielded from many minor infractions, but these are not be mistaken for a permit to do illegal things abroad, for your country reserves the right to cancel out your privileges.

    Who is a Diplomat?

    A Diplomat is a person appointed by a state that maintains and enhances diplomatic ties with other countries or international organisations or to protect of interests and nationals of the sending state, facilitation of strategic agreements, treaties, promoting trade and commerce and much more. Diplomats are members of foreign services and diplomatic corps of various nations around the world. Diplomatic appointments are done on the basis of experience on their management and negotiation skills.

    A diplomat’s benefits

    Each diplomat gets a diplomat passport, and benefits of travelling with a diplomatic passport are endless, some airports around the world reserve a special red carpet for various diplomats around the world. While being posted to an embassy or delegation in some foreign country, diplomats and both honorary consuls enjoy many special privileges and the same diplomatic immunities. Diplomats in service collect and report information that would affect their national interests. If you are in a habit of not working autonomously, do go for diplomatic appointments. A diplomat has one of the most responsible jobs on this planet, and if you feel that you actually have that sense of responsibility, integrity within you, a career as a diplomat is going to be the most thrilling jobs you can have for yourself.

    Be the special one to represent your country in the most extravagant way possible by becoming an honorary consul. An honorary consul is different from a country’s ambassador as they won’t have to stand up for elections, and all you need to do is to have a charisma that has the ability to attract government officials and politicians of some other countries. Honorary consul appointment is an honour as these are highly respected parts of any community, imagine having to roam in different countries with flags of your country fluttering on your car, never having to pay parking tickets, humongous tax savings, as you will not be required to pay real estate taxes, and have a sweet home beyond the boundaries of law enforcements. You will be recognised by international law and legally enjoy all the benefits that career diplomat enjoys.

    How are these consuls appointed?

    Countries appoint their honorary consuls by pushing them into a ring of fire and rigorously testing them for their integrity, political views and charisma. Age and experience also seem to play a key role when it comes to your appointment as a consul. After being appointed as an honorary consul, you will not be subjected to the jurisdiction of local courts, and you are going to be shielded from many minor infractions, but these are not be mistaken for a permit to do illegal things abroad, for your country reserves the right to cancel out your privileges.

    Who is a Diplomat?

    A Diplomat is a person appointed by a state that maintains and enhances diplomatic ties with other countries or international organisations or to protect of interests and nationals of the sending state, facilitation of strategic agreements, treaties, promoting trade and commerce and much more. Diplomats are members of foreign services and diplomatic corps of various nations around the world. Diplomatic appointments are done on the basis of experience on their management and negotiation skills.

    A diplomat’s benefits

    Each diplomat gets a diplomat passport, and benefits of travelling with a diplomatic passport are endless, some airports around the world reserve a special red carpet for various diplomats around the world. While being posted to an embassy or delegation in some foreign country, diplomats and both honorary consuls enjoy many special privileges and the same diplomatic immunities. Diplomats in service collect and report information that would affect their national interests. If you are in a habit of not working autonomously, do go for diplomatic appointments. A diplomat has one of the most responsible jobs on this planet, and if you feel that you actually have that sense of responsibility, integrity within you, a career as a diplomat is going to be the most thrilling jobs you can have for yourself.

    Be the special one to represent your country in the most extravagant way possible by becoming an honorary consul. An honorary consul is different from a country’s ambassador as they won’t have to stand up for elections, and all you need to do is to have a charisma that has the ability to attract government officials and politicians of some other countries. Honorary consul appointment is an honour as these are highly respected parts of any community, imagine having to roam in different countries with flags of your country fluttering on your car, never having to pay parking tickets, humongous tax savings, as you will not be required to pay real estate taxes, and have a sweet home beyond the boundaries of law enforcements. You will be recognised by international law and legally enjoy all the benefits that career diplomat enjoys.

    How are these consuls appointed?

    Countries appoint their honorary consuls by pushing them into a ring of fire and rigorously testing them for their integrity, political views and charisma. Age and experience also seem to play a key role when it comes to your appointment as a consul. After being appointed as an honorary consul, you will not be subjected to the jurisdiction of local courts, and you are going to be shielded from many minor infractions, but these are not be mistaken for a permit to do illegal things abroad, for your country reserves the right to cancel out your privileges.

    Who is a Diplomat?

    A Diplomat is a person appointed by a state that maintains and enhances diplomatic ties with other countries or international organisations or to protect of interests and nationals of the sending state, facilitation of strategic agreements, treaties, promoting trade and commerce and much more. Diplomats are members of foreign services and diplomatic corps of various nations around the world. Diplomatic appointments are done on the basis of experience on their management and negotiation skills.

    A diplomat’s benefits

    Each diplomat gets a diplomat passport, and benefits of travelling with a diplomatic passport are endless, some airports around the world reserve a special red carpet for various diplomats around the world. While being posted to an embassy or delegation in some foreign country, diplomats and both honorary consuls enjoy many special privileges and the same diplomatic immunities. Diplomats in service collect and report information that would affect their national interests. If you are in a habit of not working autonomously, do go for diplomatic appointments. A diplomat has one of the most responsible jobs on this planet, and if you feel that you actually have that sense of responsibility, integrity within you, a career as a diplomat is going to be the most thrilling jobs you can have for yourself.

    Find more information relating to Honorary consul appointment, and diplomatic appointments here.

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    Spanish Police kills Barcelona attack van driver

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    Spanish Police kills Barcelona attack van driver
    Posted in Uncategorized | September 14th, 2017

    Thursday, August 17, 2017

    Last Monday, the police of Barcelona, Spain killed Younes Abouyaaqoub at At Subirats, west of Barcelona. Before the kill, the police started international search for the van driver on the preceding Sunday. When policemans tried to arrest him, he faced them so the police opened fire. On Monday, a woman saw a man resemble Younes’s photo provided by police, and wear long sleeves on a hot 30°C day. The woman alerted police. Police sent a robot to remove the explosives in the body of the man to prevent the security of the policemans in case to be real and allow the identification of the suspect, after they shot the man and subsequently confirmed his identity. Abouyaaqoub was the driver of the van that trampled and killed 13 persons and injured more of one hundred persons in La Rambla of Barcelona.

    When the police arrive to the place and they tried to arrest the fugitive, he opened his shirt and showed a fake suicide belt while he said in high voice “Allah is great” and he walked over 13 meters until policemans so the Mossos opened fire. Next, police used robots to remove a fake suicide belt from the man. The belt may have contained explosives. Then while a police helicopter was observing the scene from air, police approached the man and confirmed that there were no explosives. Then police confirmed the man’s identity and found he also had knives.

    Younes was the twelfth suspect in the Thursday van attack at La Rambla pedestrian walk. Police suspected him as the van driver. Police had started looking for Abouyaaqoub in France and Catalonia on Sunday.

    The Moroccan citizen Younes Abouyaaqoub, 22 years old, was being pursued by police in Catalonia and near the French border. He is the only one of the twelve suspects still at large. Authorities believe he was in France. Abouyaaqoub was suspected of being the driver of the van used in the attack. According to his family, he exhibited more religiously conservative behaviour over the past year and became became reluctant to deal with women. After finished the attack Abouyaaqoub had to stole a car to make his escape and the driver of this car was killed by him.

    Abouyaaqoub was in Subirats, a city on west of Barcelona when he has found by the Barcelona police, Mossos, and they were shot and killed to the fugitive. The suspect of the attack in Barcelona was wearing an explosive belt and the police didn’t inmediately identify him as Abouyaaqoub. A robot was used to remove the explosives while polices did the identification of the man died. The fugitive aroused suspicion to a woman because he had inadeaquates clothes for a hot day. The area where Abouyaaqoub was killed is a rural area, with too little population and it has pine trees.

    The attack took place at 17:10 local time, (UTC+0100). The van drove 500 meters along a pedestrian walkway, killing 13 people, injuring more than a hundred. The van driver fled on foot. Local police officers searched the surroundings and arrested two suspects, but the van driver they did not find was not arrested.

    According to the local government, victims included citizens from 24 different countries, including France, Venezuela, Ireland, Peru, Algeria, China, Belgium (1 dead), Greece (1 injured), Australia (1 dead, 2 injured), Taiwan (2 injured), Hong Kong (1 injured), and Germany (unknown whether dead or injured). Many of the injured taken to the hospital were tourists unable to speak Spanish. The hospitals called for interpreters to assist in communication with the patients. An Australian seven-year old boy is among the dead. He was alive when he arrived at the hospital but did not survive.

    Public transportation services had been stopped and the square of Catalonia has been closed to prevent further attacks and to allow emergency services reach any emergencies faster. The police, asserting safety concerns, have asked people not share images or data about the attack on the Internet.

    According to a Spanish broadcaster RTVE, the local police arrested Driss Oukabir as a suspect, and his identification documents were found in the van involved in the attack. The local news outlet also said that the suspect claimed his identification documents were missing and might have been stolen by his brother. Local police refused to comment on the identity of the individuals arrested., Mossos D’Esquadra, denied this report. Via Twitter, Mossos D’Esquadra said they had arrested a suspect and the incident was investigated as a “terrorist attack”.–>

    The Amaq news outlet, allegedly linked to the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) militant group, claimed ISIS was responsible for the, saying “The executors of the Barcelona attack were soldiers of the Islamic State”. They did not disclose the identities of the attackers. They alleged the attack was meant to target a coalition of countries at war with Iraq and Syria.

    A few hours after the first disaster, another attack took place in Cambrils, near Tarragona. The Catalonian police reported they had shot the suspects, killing at least five and injuring one. The police authorities said that the two attacks were connected. In the Cambrils attacks the police killed another Abouyaaqoub´s relatives, a brother and two cousings, all people were using fakes explosives belts, the car used by the three persons overturned and while they exited, the vehicle the police shot and killed them.

    This was Spain’s deadliest attack since 2004, when 192 people were injured during their commute on trains in Madrid.

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    Suspects deny London bomb plot, say lawyers

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    Suspects deny London bomb plot, say lawyers
    Posted in Uncategorized | September 14th, 2017

    Sunday, June 4, 2006

    The two brothers who were arrested on Friday regarding intelligence of a chemical bomb plot in East London have denied all the accusations, according to their lawyers.

    In relation to the accusations of manufacturing a chemical device, Kate Roxburgh, Mohammed Abdul Kahar’s lawyer, said “(Kahar) says there’s absolutely not a word of truth in any of it. He says the police are not going to find anything because there is nothing to find.”

    Koyair’s lawyer has denied his client has been involved in a terrorist plot.

    The announcement comes after the dramatic events of Friday morning, where over 250 police officers were involved in a raid on a house in the Forest Gate area of the city. The raid took place after British security services received intelligence of a “viable” chemical device within the property.

    Mohammed Abdul Kahar, aged 23, and his 20 year-old brother Abul Koyair were arrested in a dawn raid on Friday under the Terrorism Act after several weeks of surveillance by MI5. During the operation, Kahar was shot in the shoulder.

    Early reports suggested that police were responsible for the injury, from which Kahar is now recovering. However, one source claims that it was actually Abul Koyair who pulled the trigger, accidentally wounding his brother in the panic – an allegation that Koyair has denied.

    The brothers, who are both Muslim and of Bangladeshi origin, are being questioned today at London’s high-security Paddington Green Police Station. Meanwhile, police officers are still searching the house for a device, which they believe to be a conventional explosive with added chemical components.

    Due to the ongoing investigations, there is still a large police presence at the residence, as well as a layer of sheeting surrounding the building. Despite the small yet ever-present chance of a chemical incident, other residents of the street have not been evacuated.

    In response to safety fears, police said that “nothing suspicious was found in an initial search of the house and that neighbours are not in danger.”

    BBC News reported that Health Secretary Patricia Hewitt was “keeping ministers informed” about the unfolding situation but would not comment about specific points of the investigation.

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    St. Paul Mayor’s vehicle hit by drunk driver

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    St. Paul Mayor’s vehicle hit by drunk driver
    Posted in Uncategorized | September 14th, 2017

    Saturday, April 28, 2007

    Saint Paul, Minnesota Mayor Chris Coleman had a close encounter with a drunk driver Thursday evening when he was rear-ended. The car wasn’t traveling much faster than 10 miles per hour, but the driver registered with a 0.26 blood alcohol level, over twice the legal limit.

    Mayor Coleman was traveling in a city vehicle and accompanied by a police escort when they stopped at a red light at Victoria and Summit Avenues. At approximately 8:40pm, it was struck by the vehicle of Abbie Raymond, a 22-year-old St. Paul student, who was arrested at the scene. She was booked into the Ramsey County Jail under gross misdemeanor charges of driving while intoxicated. Raymond is a student at the William Mitchell School of Law. She was traveling with a passenger, another woman in her early 20s who may have also been intoxicated. They had been coming from a nearby bar or restaurant.

    “The mayor is pleased there were no injuries,” said Bob Hume, a spokesman for the mayor. Both vehicles suffered only minor damage.

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