‘Each makes the other more difficult to recover from’: University of Sussex professor L. Alan Winters speaks to Wikinews on trade, COVID-19, Brexit

Wednesday, June 30, 2021

Earlier this month, Wikinews spoke with University of Sussex professor of economics L. Alan Winters regarding the decision of the United Kingdom to leave the European Union (EU) in the 2016 Brexit referendum and the subsequent negotiations leading up to and following the EU–UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement of December, which he has researched extensively. In a call, a Wikinews correspondent spoke with Professor Winters about recent developments in UK trade policy to learn more about his observations.

Winters is professor of economics at the University of Sussex, as well as founding director and fellow of the UK Trade Policy Observatory (UKTPO). His career spans over 15 years, including as chief economist at the Department for International Development, director of the Development Research Group of the World Bank, CEO of the Migrating Out of Poverty Research Programme Consortium and advisor for the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the Commonwealth Secretariat, the European Commission, the European Parliament, the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, the World Trade Organization and the Inter-American Development Bank.

Three reports where Winters is listed as an author were used as reference during the interview: “COVID-19 will reinforce the Brexit shock”, “The Costs of Brexit” and “Taking stock of the new UK-EU Trade and Cooperation Agreement: governance, state subsidies and the level playing field”.

Winters was awarded the title “Companion of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath”, styled C.B., on June 16, 2012 as part of the 2012 Birthday Honours.

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The Incredible Edible Wheat Berry

By Ryan Thomas

Twenty years ago if someone were to talk to me about wheat berries I wouldn’t have the foggiest idea as to what they were talking about. My lack of knowledge about health kept me in the dark about the difference between white wheat products and whole wheat products in the early years of my life and I paid the consequences with a toxic system later on down the road. Thank goodness I started doing my own research about the importance of whole grains for optimal health. Besides that I discovered that the wheat berry is not the cousin of the blueberry bush.

Fast-forward twenty years. Knowledge is good. Wheat berries are little kernels of grain that are ground down into making whole wheat flour. Whole wheat flour can be used for making the same flour products that come from white enriched all-purpose flour. The difference? Your health. Whole wheat is naturally grown and enriched with important vitamins and minerals that our body needs to stay healthy. These important nutrients have all been taken away from all-purpose white flours and can be found in bags labeled wheat germ and bran in your health food stores.

The incredible, edible wheat berry is where all flour originates. Whole wheat flours contain three important parts of the wheat kernel, which are bran, endosperm, and germ. The bran is the hard, brownish outer protective skin of the grain berry and consists of 7 layers; these layers are a concentrated source of dietary fiber, which is absolutely necessary for a healthy system. The endosperm is the inner part of the grain and consists of the protein part of the kernel. The germ contains the plant embryo where most of the vitamin E content is stored. Whole wheat flour is a complete food.

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White enriched all-purpose flour does not have any nutrients left in it – it is an incomplete food. This is why they label it ‘enriched’. They add a few trace vitamins back into the flour so they can call it enriched but it cannot compare to the benefits of whole wheat flours. Take away the bran, the germ, and the endosperm and what do you have left? A powdery white substance that has no nutritional value whatsoever. White wheat products have no flavor, they are light but fattening, fluffy but not very filling, and they almost always stick to the roof of your mouth. The really awful part about white wheat products to the diet is they back up the intestinal tract causing numerous health problems in the long run.

The wheat berry is an incredible kernel filled with life-giving nutrients, and the neat thing about it you can eat it just the way it is without grinding it into flour. You can soak the wheat berries in hot water and a little sea salt and give yourself a fibrous, nutritious meal anytime throughout the day. You can add some honey or molasses, and you’ll be good to go for several hours.

Wheat berries are energizing, and don’t make you feel tired, bloated and sluggish like many breakfast cereals do. I’m going to share this recipe with you with much thanks to author Marlene Anne Bumgarner from her book The Book Of Whole Grains.

About the Author: Dr. Grandma’s sells nutritious whole wheat mixes and

wheat berries


wheat kernels

). To learn more about whole wheat foods and to find some great

wheat berry recipes

visit http://www.doctorgrandmas.com



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Canada’s Etobicoke Centre (Ward 3) city council candidates speak

This exclusive interview features first-hand journalism by a Wikinews reporter. See the collaboration page for more details.

Monday, October 30, 2006

On November 13, Torontoians will be heading to the polls to vote for their ward’s councillor and for mayor. Among Toronto’s ridings is Etobicoke Centre (Ward 3). One candidate responded to Wikinews’ requests for an interview. This ward’s candidates include Doug Holyday (incumbent), Peter Kudryk, Lillian Lança, and Ross Vaughan.

For more information on the election, read Toronto municipal election, 2006.

Retrieved from “https://en.wikinews.org/w/index.php?title=Canada%27s_Etobicoke_Centre_(Ward_3)_city_council_candidates_speak&oldid=2584581”
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Sun donates Solaris operating system, 1,600 patents to community

Wednesday, January 26, 2005

Santa Clara, CALIFORNIA — Computer vendor Sun Microsystems released on Tuesday the first offerings of its OpenSolaris operating system code for free, under a license which allows anyone to use or work on the code and distribute the changes they make..

The full operating system is expected to be released for download sometime in the second quarter of 2005. Following along with the system source code are 1,670 patents Sun will make available for use by open-source developers. Sun hopes to leverage greater innovation in software from the open source community, in return for allowing the code to be used without charge.

“This is not an EOL (end of life) release. It’s a supercharged, turbocharged rocket launching,” Sun CEO Scott McNealy said. “No one else has done what we have just done.”

The move follows a recent move by IBM to grant use of 500 patents freely to open source software developers. Open source developers had been becoming concerned that bureaucracy and legal issues associated with software patents could be damaging to their livelihoods and to innovation. The moves by Sun and IBM seem intended to placate this growing fear.

Dynamic Trace, or DTrace is the first OpenSolaris component to be released. DTrace is a performance-analysis tool that tells developers how to optimize their applications for maximum performance.

The code is to be released under Sun’s own licensing scheme, the Common Development and Distribution License (CDDL) Version 1.0. This license has been approved by the Open Source Initiative (OSI).

Sun’s license is based on the Mozilla Public License. The Free Software Foundation has stated on its website that Sun’s license, while free, is not compatible with the GNU Public License (GPL) used for the popular open source Linux operating system. This does not mean that Linux software and OpenSolaris software cannot be used together, but limits the extent of integration which may be achieved.

Sun had previously allowed free use of the operating system Solaris by some users, for example students. This move greatly extends the range of free uses permitted, and allows users to read and modify the source code without charge or non-disclosure agreement.

Retrieved from “https://en.wikinews.org/w/index.php?title=Sun_donates_Solaris_operating_system,_1,600_patents_to_community&oldid=4598102”
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5 Must Have Kitchen Appliances

5 Must-Have Kitchen Appliances


Stephen Ayer

1. Mini hand blender/smoothie maker. If you make smoothies, protein shakes, or mixed drinks, these kitchen gizmos are must-haves because of the convenience they offer. They are even great for mixing gravies and sauces right in the pan. They are not pricey, they are small and lightweight, and clean up easily.

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2. Full-sized blender. Now and then you need a little more muscle than a mini-blender will offer you. A full-sized blender will save the day when it is time to crush ice or mix bigger batches of drinks. They work well for pureeing foods for soups and sauces, and even chopping nuts and seeds for granola and desserts. 3. Food processor/chopper. If you have an extremely sharp knife and are a whiz at using it, you might not need a food processor. If not, processors make chopping large batches of veggies for salads and casseroles much faster and less difficult. When picking one of these gadgets, make sure you get a sturdy one that is easy to assemble and disassemble. That will make it easier to clean after using. One that is dishwasher-safe is a plus. 4. Slow cooker. Next to the microwave, this may be the most worthy piece of equipment in the kitchen. They are so versatile that their usage is virtually infinite. They are good for busy people who want to come home to a warm meal. Foods will not burn in a slow cooker, so everything will be just right when dinnertime comes. Roasts, ribs, chickens, soups, chili and stew are all good candidates for a slow cooker. 5. Microwave oven. Microwaves are so ordinary now that it is hard to picture any cooking area without one. Even if it is a small, low-cost unit, it still has worth in the kitchen. Frozen meals, refreshments and treats, sandwiches and side dishes are all ready speedily in a microwave. If you prefer a higher-end unit, you can get one big enough to cook a turkey in. They come with probes, delay timers and many additional features that add to their convenience and performance. These appliances are not pricey, and yet they can add a lot to the kitchen in the way of speed and convenience.

Written by Stephen Ayer. Visit his website at

PLR Daddy


PLR Appliance Articles

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5 Must-Have Kitchen Appliances


This is the category for Health.

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Militants in Pakistan torch NATO, US military vehicles

Sunday, December 7, 2008

Pakistani officials have reported that vehicles supplying NATO forces in Afghanistan have been set on fire by suspected militants. The attack occurred in the northwestern city of Peshawar which lies on Pakistan’s North-Western frontier at 0230 local time.

Sources claim that more than 250 gunmen using rockets, grenades and AK-47s overpowered the guards setting the Humvees on fire. The Pakistani officials claim that 96 trucks, 70 Humvees and 6 containers were destroyed.

In November this year, 12 lorries carrying Humvees were captured by the militants in the famous Khyber Pass. The convoy was also carrying food and aid to the NATO forces in Afghanistan.

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Bedroom Sets: Beauty And The Beast

By Ben Weissman

Choosing a new bedroom set can be difficult, especially when you start focusing on how important your bedroom really is! The door to the bedroom is usually the first to be shut when company is over and the bedroom itself is the last to be shown to trusted friends and family. Some people take years agonizing over which bedroom set to purchase, while others do a few moments of browsing and come up with the perfect style for them. So how do you choose what type of bedroom set to purchase?

Here are a couple of criteria you can use for choosing the perfect bed. You may have other factors that you use, but let’s try to find the perfect marriage between form and function, comfort and beauty, aesthetically pleasing and a great place to get a good night’s sleep.


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There is one big question you need to ask yourself about getting a new bedroom set: do you want functionality or beauty? A functional bedroom set would include pieces that allow you to move around easily. They’re not fussy or overly ornate and generally use straight lines. Some wood bedroom sets are made for functionality over beauty. One classic type of bedroom set that is seen more for functionality than for beauty is the missionary style bedroom set. These sets are known for straight lines and clean looks.

Missionary bedroom sets are reminiscent of a time when people had very little. Some families had very little on purpose, others were struggling just to get by. When you see the missionary style bedroom sets, the first thing you may think of is the Amish. These bedroom sets are truly like something that you would find in a devout Amish person’s home. In all likelihood, the set in an Amish home was handcrafted by their ancestor. Missionary pieces are built for functionality, but are beautiful too, in their own clean-lined way.


Some bedroom sets are made more for beauty than for functionality. After all, how functional is a canopy bed? Do you really need to have cloth stretched out over you in a perfectly dry room? Of course not! A canopy bed is, however, extremely beautiful. Most bedroom sets that are created for beauty have curving, fluid lines. They are often ornate pieces that took hours, or even days to create, and are always a focus piece in any bedroom.

A four poster canopy bed is one example of an ornate piece of bedroom furniture. The large posters stretch up, almost to the ceiling, and a flimsy canopy decorates the top. Some people choose to put silk scarves through the winding canopy top instead of the traditional canopy, creating a sensual and mysterious air in the room.

If you’re lucky, you can make functionality and beauty meet. Bedroom furniture that is functional as well as beautiful is priceless and can swiftly become a family heirloom. Some metal beds and metal day beds are the perfect blend of function and style. They have fluid curves, yet don’t call too much attention to themselves, instead being happy to sit on the sidelines, ready to do the job they were designed for.

About the Author: Ben Weissman writes about decorating with Iron Beds, Platform Beds, Headboards, Hillsdale Beds and Bar Stools.

Source: isnare.com

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‘Guantanamo’-style detention facility under construction on Australian Island

Monday, November 28, 2005

The Australian Government is currently building a “Guantanamo-style detention facility” – a $210 million, 800-bed Immigration Reception and Processing Centre – on Christmas Island, 1400km off Australia’s northwest coast. The project has residents concerned about the prospect of having imprisoned detainees and possible terrorism suspects as neighbours.

Christmas Islanders fear the remote detention facility will be Australia’s very own “Guantanamo Bay.”

The island’s Shire President, Gordon Thompson, says residents are also worried about the effects the controversial detention centre development will have on the island’s tourism industry. “We’re not building tourism based on a prison tour,” he said, also voicing fears that residents would be barred from areas on the northwest point of the island. He said locals were confused and did not know if the centre would just be used for refugees or as a Guantanamo-style prison. Another resident complained that access to popular fishing and snorkelling spots on the island would be limited.

Department of Immigration (DIMIA) said that when construction of the Christmas Island facility was finished, a review was likely to be taken to close some mainland detention centres such as Baxter in South Australia. “Its (Christmas Island) only use is as an immigration reception and processing centre,” said a DIMIA spokesperson.

Mr Thompson, who is opposed to the imprisonment of refugees, said the centre was being built on the island in an effort to avoid public scrutiny from mainland Australians. “It’s a long way from the mainland where the lawyers and trouble-makers are,” he said. “We’ll be kept away from it.”

A resident of eight years, two as shire president, Mr Thompson said he did not trust the federal Government because it ignored the concerns of the 1500-strong community. “There’s a sense the Commonwealth will do what it wants,” he said. “You’ve got to be a little suspicious of a government that lets its own people be held in Guantanamo Bay, like David Hicks. People here have that feeling that when something big is being built away from the media – it’s not fishy, it’s smelly.”

Mr Thomson said the Shire council were not notified when the current Christmas Island detention centre reopened last week to detain seven West Timorese asylum seekers.

Azmi Yon, president of the island’s Malay association, has lived for 37 years on the island and wants the federal Government to leave it alone. He said locals were confused and did not know if the new centre would just be used for refugees or as a Guantanamo-style prison. “We need something from them in black and white to say what it is,” he said. “Tell us something, don’t keep us in the dark.”

Mr Yon said the island was home to a harmonious group of Chinese, Malays and Europeans who respected each other’s cultures. “Why disturb an isolated and unique environment when you can (build the centre) somewhere else?” he said.

Mothballed Detention Centre Reopened

A group of seven asylum seekers were transported by DIMIA to Christmas Island last week. One detainee, his wife and infant children have been allowed to live in the community under new detainment laws. However, three other asylum seekers remain the sole inhabitants of the current Christmas Island detention centre – reopened for the seven from Indonesian West Timor on November 17.

Refugee advocates, Democrats and Greens senators said the recent West Timorese asylum seekers had been “shunted” to the remote facility at a massive cost, raising more doubts about the Howard Government’s promise not to detain children.

Democrats senator Andrew Bartlett, who visited a previous group of 52 Vietnamese asylum seekers in December last year, said he was especially alarmed to learn that children were still being detained despite the Government’s promise that children would only be detained as a last resort.

“We want to know exactly what the cost has been to unnecessarily fly these people over to Christmas Island and why, seeing that they managed to arrive within the accepted migration zone and should be processed here,” Senator Bartlett said. “The only possible reason this family has been transferred to such a remote location is the very deliberate intention of the Government to deny these people proper processing of their claims and to prevent them from accessing adequate legal and other support. It is also assists the Government to keep the family away from media attention or public scrutiny.”

Australian Greens Senator Kerry Nettle says the Government should suspend the construction of the Christmas Island detention centre and review the necessity of the facility. “At a time when the Government claims to be reforming its immigration detention system, it is increasing its capacity to lock people up,” Senator Nettle said. “After the recent scandals and abuses, the public want alternatives to detention, but the Government insists on building more empty prisons.”

According to Immigration Department figures provided at the November 2005 Senate Estimates:

* The current immigration detention centres – Baxter, Villawood, Maribyrnong, Perth, Port Augusta and the existing Christmas Island facility, already have a capacity to hold 1,688 people and they have contingency places for 667 more people, bringing the total capacity to 2,355.

*Port Hedland has a capacity to hold 820 people and is costing $3 million a year to be ready to reopen.

*The infamous Woomera Detention Centre holds 800 and costs $2.6 million to keep mothballed.

Senator Nettle said: “Australia’s total immigration detention capacity is already 3,975 people. The locals on Christmas Island are opposed to this facility, yet the Government is wasting $210 million on another empty prison. Is the government planning to increase the number of people in detention and deport people from the mainland to Christmas Island?”

Environmental Concerns

There has also been environmental concerns about the development. The detention centre site is adjacent to prime “Abbotts booby” habitat, in the north-west corner of the island, and is surrounded by the Christmas Island National Park.

Endangered Abbott’s Boobies nest in tall rainforest trees immediately to the north, south and south-east of the site, and their proximity puts the species at the mercy of turbulence generated by the passage of wind across the clearing.

The National Park encloses the entire range of at least 35 endemic species, more than any other Australian protected area. It is part of the network of habitats of migratory species that Australia must protect under international agreements such as the Japan-Australia Migratory Bird Agreement (JAMBA) and the China-Australia Migratory Bird Agreement (CAMBA).

The Wilderness Society have said, “There are several serious environmental concerns with the selection of this site, not least of which was the selection process itself, the Howard government’s self-exemption from environmental scrutiny normally required under the EPBC Act, and its commitment to best practice environmental measures during construction of the detention centre.”

Research has shown that Abbott’s Boobies nesting within 300 m of clearings experience significantly lower breeding success than birds nesting further away. At last count, 36% of breeding sites across the island were located within this 300 m danger zone.

The centre, under construction since January this year, is not due to be operational until late 2006.

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